With over 2,000 years of history and a population of over one million, Cologne is the fourth largest city in Germany and guarantees exciting experiences for everyone. Cologne was founded as a Roman settlement called Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensum. In the 1st century A.D. its first city wall was built. Remains of these times can still be found all over the city.
The most popular and impressive sight is the gothic-style Cologne Cathedral stands majestically in the centre of the old town, along the scenic Rhine River. It lies in the vicinity of the old town (Altstadt) with its numerous cafes, pubs, "Kolsch" breweries and shopping facilities. The best view of the cathedral and the historic skyline of Cologne with its many churches towers can be caught from across Cologne's second impressive landmark - the Rhine river.
The unique blend of rich historical heritage and contemporary modernisation makes the city of Cologne attractive and loved by Germans and tourists. Every year, Cologne hosts various events and celebrations (e.g. Cologne Carnival, Cologne Lights, Christmas market, Christopher Street Day), as well as international trade fairs in Koelnmesse.
The open-hearted and multicultural air of the city makes it easy to make new friends, not only during the Carnival season or when having a Kölsch. With one of the largest student populations in Germany, Cologne has a vivid night-life that takes place in many cocktail-bars, pubs and clubs.
But Cologne is also a city of culture. It is home to a variety of museums, galleries, theatres, and an opera house and philharmonic orchestra. International music and sports stars perform at the Köln LANXESS Arena - and also at the cultural highlight, the cathedral.
Trade, Industry and Logistic Hub of Germany
Cologne is one of the top centres for trade and industry. The strategic location of Cologne serves as one of the most important transport hubs in Central Europe, with excellent network of transportation via land, sea and air - ten motorways, Germany's second-largest cargo airport, the ICE hub at the station, a railway container terminal with its own motorway link and the biggest transhipment centre for combined freight transport in inland Europe.
Due to the strategic location and ‘smart’ city logistics and specialized logistics service providers, numerous highly reputable companies have chosen to establish their headquarters in the region. Some examples include:
- World leading logistic companies - Deutsche Post World Net and its subsidiary DHL, UPS and TNT Express. Automotive
- Ford Werke GmbH , Volvo, Citroen, DAF Trucks Deutschland GmbH, Renault Deutschland AG and Nissan Centre Europe GmbH and Toyota Deutschland GmbH
- Currenta CHEMPARKS in Leverkusen, the Chemiepark Knapsack and the Industriepark Köln-Nord
Cologne is also an ideal choice for other profitable industries, such as banking insurance, and retail. Among the insurance companies based in Cologne are Central, DEVK, DKV, Gothaer, HDI Gerling and national headquarter of AXA Insurance. Large international companies like Barilla, Wasa, JT International, Pernod Ricard and Toys "R" Us, have also selected the commercial centre of Cologne as their headquarter and distribution centre.